Annual Report 2014
Activities in 2014:
Yearbook Šipan 2013
Yearbook Šipan 2013 is the eleventh publication of the International Summer School held on the Elaphiti islands in Dalmatia, Croatia. It is intended for domestic and foreign public and should serve as a useful and interesting read for all those who are actively involved in the practice of international relations, as well as those who are studying international relations from more theoretical aspects. Scientific papers published in Yearbook Šipan 2012 are illustrating some of the issues and topics discussed at three international scientific conferences during the International Summer School of 2013: International Conference ''The Role oft he EU and NATO in Promoting Security and Cooperation in Southeast Europe'' in cooperation with Royal Danish Embassy in Croatia (17th – 22nd June 2013); International Conference ''NATO – Beyond Security'' in cooperation with NATO Public Diplomacy Division, Brussels, Belgium (24th – 29th June 2013); and International Conference ''The New Role of Euro-Atlantism'' in cooperation with Hanns Siedel Stiftung in Zagreb, Croatia (15th – 20th July 2013). Editor of the Yearbook Šipan is prof. dr. Lidija Čehulić Vukadinović.
Yearbook Šipan 2013 is available to read and download at Atlantic Council of Croatia’s new website: www.atlantic-council.com.hr.
Journal of International Studies
Thirteen years in the life of a scientific journal is an important event. The International Studies in recent years published a series of studies, articles and reviews of eminent scholars, scientists from our field as well as of the younger researchers. Our Editorial Board and the International Council should be a guarantee that it will maintain the current level of research and strengthen the approach to the study of international relations in our region. In 2014 we have published several issues of the journal covering wide range of issues, particularly focusing on current challenges NATO is facing with.
The ACC in NATO, PDD Program – March 26, 2014
On March 26, 2014 members of the Atlantic Council of Croatia visited NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. Program was organized by the NATO Public Diplomacy Division.
International Scientific Conference ''Five Years of Croatia in NATO'', March 31 – April 2, 2014
On April 1st the Atlantic Council of Croatia hosted an international conference ''Five years of Croatia in NATO'' at the Croatian Defense Academy ''Petar Zrinski'' in Zagreb. The conference gathered more than 50 participants from the region including government, military, academia and YATA representatives from Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, and United States. The goal of the conference was to evaluate the first five years of Croatia's integration into NATO and to share valuable experiences with countries from the region that are membership candidates.
The ceremony was opened by Prof. Dr. Radovan Vukadinović, President of the Atlantic Council of Croatia. He began his remarks by reminding of Croatia's difficult path to NATO membership that started over 20 years ago in the war following the dissolution of Yugoslavia and the difficult circumstances Croatia encountered at that time. He emphasized the value of Croatia as a serious partner in NATO's operations all over the world, where the Croatian flag is proudly carried on representing the Transatlantic values. He added that Croatia sincerely hopes that it's neighbouring countries will be a part of the Alliance soon, and that this conference is an excellent way of presenting Croatia's work in the last 5 years.
Following dr. Vukadinović's remarks the audience was honoured to have Ambassador Kenneth Merten, US Ambassador to Croatia deliver a speech to further welcome conference attendees. His remarks focused on the shared values of the transatlantic community, and the uniqueness of NATO because of those values. He emphasized the meaning of US and Europe cooperating in economical and political issues and added that Croatia has showed to the world a model for stability and peace.
Following Ambassador Merten, the attendees were addressed by General Drago Lovrić, Chief of General Staff of the Croatian Armed Forces. He stated that the last five years were a very important period for the development of the Croatian Armed Forces and stressed out new capabilities gained in NATO. He emphasized that the Ukrainian crisis showed the importance of maintaining Transatlantic ties and stressed out regional cooperation conducted between Croatia and its neighboring countries, especially the Republic of Serbia. In the end he expressed his satisfaction because of this very important five year anniversary.
Panel 1 – Croatian integration into NATO & participation in peace support operations
The conference started with the first panel discussing the Croatian integration into NATO and participation in peace support operations. The panel was moderated by Prof. Dr. Radovan Vukadinović, and the audience had the chance to listen to four experts on this theme: Mr. Zlatko Gareljić, Adviser to the President of the Republic of Croatia for the Defense Affairs, RADM Marileo Stančić, Head, Planning Directorate GS CAF, BGEN Ivica Olujić, Head, Logistic Directorate GS CAF and BGEN Ivan Jurić, Commander, JOC GS CAF.
The panel started with Prof. Vukadinović stating that the Ukrainian crisis had produced new political and military meaning to the term Trans-Atlantism, and because of that it is important for NATO to stay open, especially for countries in Croatia’s vicinity. The accession of those countries would be a safeguard for stability and prosperity of the Western Balkans.
Mr. Gareljić stressed out that Croatia is a valuable partner and shall remain a responsible partner in the future. He added that the Alliance of today is different from the one in the 1990s. The difference can be seen through NATO’s reactions and readiness to emerging dangers such as terrorism, human and WMD trafficking. He concluded with underlining Croatia’s commitment of staying an important partner in NATO and promoting shared values.
RADM Marileo Stančić opened his speech with a presentation of Croatia’s path to becoming a full NATO member, necessary military reforms that had to be undertaken and the overview of drafting national strategic documents. He announced that the new ‘’Long-term strategic plan of CAF development’’ should be presented during the year 2014. He added that by joining NATO Croatia took part in common financing, operations, NATOs command structure (with one Croatian general) and working groups; he also added that Croatia contributes in Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) with 160 people and in a number of Smart Defense projects.
BGEN Ivica Olujić presented the NATO committees. He talked about the successful reform of the committees and described them as an instrument and a tool that serve as information hubs and monitors of decision implementation through multinational cooperation. He also added that the role of the committees from a national perspective is to materialize interests in accordance with the level of ambition. Croatia is involved in the work of the committees since 2003, after obtaining a MAP. He especially emphasized the fact that while the Croatian Ministry of Defense is very active in the work of committees, there is a need for cooperation with other ministries and national entities that can help in the process with their knowledge, experience and expertise. At the end of his presentation, BGEN Olujić concluded that the committees are more of an opportunity for creating political and operational influence than a load, despite high expenses.
BGEN Ivan Jurić was the last speaker of this panel. He discussed the participation of Croatian Armed Forces in peace support operations. He emphasized the valuable experience Croatia gained through participating in these types of operations, and stressed out that 6091 members of the CAF participated in peace support operations since the UNAMSIL mission in Sierra Leone – the first operation Croatia participated in. At this moment, the CAF are participating in two NATO led missions – ISAF and KFOR. BGEN Jurić emphasized that ISAF is Croatia’s most important multinational operation, with Croatia participating several times since 2006 by providing mentoring. He concluded the panel with emphasizing that the best way Croatia can contribute to peace support operations is by mentoring and providing counsel. He added that the valuable experiences gained in PSOs contributed in a great deal in the development of Croatian Armed Forces and their interoperability.
Panel 2 – Croatian Military Industry and NATO Alliance
The second panel focused on the way NATO influenced and shaped the Croatian military industry. The panel was moderated by BGEN Milan Knežević (ret.), from the state Agency Alan, and hosted two representatives from the Association of the Croatian Military Industry Manufacturers: Mr. Alojzije Šestan, the chairman of the Association and Mr. Patrik Stupin, the secretary.
In his opening remarks, Mr. Knežević highlighted the importance of Croatian military industry products, whose quality is recognized all over the world. He added that the industry had to overcome various challenges whilst adapting to the NATO market, but with NATOs assistance during the process it managed to successfully integrate. Mr. Šestan stressed the importance of gaining access to the market of 27 other Member-States and eliminating the barriers which revived the military industry. The Croatian military industry is made of about 100 business subjects, making an annual turnover of 300 million €, with 100 million € in export. The biggest weapon manufacturer is the company HS Product, which developed a lot of top-class products such as the reputable assault rifle VHS-2 or handgun HS 2000 which has been sold in the US in 2 million copies. The participants talked about NATO tenders as great opportunities for conducting business and highlighted the involvement of companies in the NATO Industrial Advisory Group (NIAG), where businesses can inform themselves and adopt to new plans and doctrines developed by NATO.
In the conclusion, the participants agreed that the process of NATO integration formulated and advanced the work of the Croatian military industry to a new level of management.
Panel 3 – Enlargement of NATO and Western Balkans
The third and final panel focused on the Balkan states and new challenges to NATO. The speakers of this panel were Mr. Vladimir Ateljević, advisor to the Minister of European Integration, Government of the Republic of Serbia, Prof. Dr. Olivera Injac, University of Donja Gorica, Montenegro, Prof. Dr. Marina Mitrevska from the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje, Macedonia and Doc. Miloš Šolaja, Ph.D., Center for International Relations in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The panel started with Mr. Ateljević presenting the Serbian-NATO relations. He highlighted the role of the integration process as a medium and as a challenge, emphasizing the fact that there are no bigger political challenges in Serbia for joining NATO, but a possible challenge may emerge in different perspectives of the regional states about their role in NATO. Prof. Injac stated that the NATO membership became a very important political issue in Montenegro, and that the public discussion gave rise to anti-NATO groups. Montenegro should undertake three steps that would assure its accession to the Alliance: a reform of the security and intelligence sector, the education of citizens on this matter and the fight against political corruption. She stressed out the need for a faster accession of other regional states in order to provide regional stability.
Prof. Mitreska added that Macedonian problems with Greece are sui generis and that the two states are in status quo, which is a big problem for Macedonian development. She stressed out the fact that public discourse on this matter is often misguided because of its focus on less important aspects of the problem, and emphasized that maybe the time has come for a new summit to take place under the patronage of EU, where the two countries could resolve their problems.
The last speaker of the panel was Mr. Šolaja from Bosnia and Herzegovina. He pointed out that the problem of his country is the most complex problem in the region. Bosnia and Herzegovina is currently stuck in two processes – the accession to NATO and EU, both of which are going nowhere. He emphasized the fact that a state with two entities and three nations cannot communicate with the EU through one channel, and that this issue is directly connected with the political elites of the country, who do not seem to be capable of guiding Bosnia and Herzegovina through Euro-Atlantic integrations.
Closing and Final Remarks
After the last discussion, Prof. Dr. Radovan Vukadinović, the president of the Atlantic Council of Croatia, held a short speech in which he emphasized the very good relationship between Croatia and NATO and the positive results 5 years after becoming a member of the Alliance. He expressed his warm gratitude to the Staff of the Croatian Armed Forces, the representatives of the military industry, the representatives of the regional states and to the members of YATA Croatia for their organizational support. With these final remarks, the conference was officially closed.
Finally, it is important to emphasize that within the aforementioned conference, Philatelic Exhibition titled ˝Croatia and NATO: Five years together˝ was held at Ministry of Defense’s Gallery ˝Zvonimir˝ in Zagreb, Croatia.
International Summer School – Dubrovnik, Croatia, July 16-23, 2014
The Atlantic Council of Croatia in cooperation with the Center for International Studies, Zagreb, with help from the Youth Committee of the Atlantic Council of Croatia and with the support from NATO Public Diplomacy Division, Brussels, organized the 14th International Summer School titled “Where are the Boundaries of NATO’s Activities? The Road to Cardiff’s Meeting”. ISS 2014 was held from July 16th till July 23rd in Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Croatia, with fifty participants and speakers including military, government, student, ATA and YATA representatives, and university professors from Albania, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, Ukraine, and the United States of America. The main goal of the scientific conference was to discuss about security issues of transatlantic area as well as to analyze the role and future activities of NATO as military and political alliance in the 21st century.
The conference started with a lecture held by Amb. Kolinda Grabar Kitarović, NATO Assistant Secretary General for Public Diplomacy, Brussels, Belgium, referring to role of NATO in today’s world and setting the three steps of summit in Wales- the new NATO, Afghanistan and transatlantic relations. Afterwards participants were honored to hear the lecture from General John R. Allen, Distinguished Fellow, Foreign policy, Brookings Institution, United States, about Afghanistan after 2014, the challenges and opportunities, and prof. dr. Dijana Pleština, Croatian Government Office for Mine Action, Croatia, who discussed about boundaries and the role of security in the contemporary open and liberal world. On the second day lectures were held by Mr. Robert Hranj, Commander of the Croatian Navy, Croatia, who focused on Smart Defence and NATO’s capabilities, dr. Arian Starova, President of the Atlantic Council of Albania, Albania, regarding the topic of small countries and their contribution to safety, and prof. dr. James Seroka, Auburn University, United States, focusing on the USA and the Ukraine crisis. The third day the scientific conference started with a lecture from prof. dr. Stefano Pilotto, Professor of International Relations at MIB School of Management in Trieste, Italy, who stressed the importance of Italy in regional and international security. Next was Mr. Peter Stania, Director of the International Institute for Piece in Vienna, Austria, discussing about security issues and relations between Southern and Northern Mediterranean, and afterwards Mr. Nusret Hanjalić, M.A., Ministry of Defence, Montenegro, who focused on Montenegro in the system of cooperative security. The fourth panel began with lecture of prof. dr. Nedžad Bašić, Professor of International Law and International Relations at the University of Bihać, Bosnia and Herzegovina, concerning the current situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Second lecture that day was held by General Lt. Dragutin Repinc who focused on security challenges and abilities of Croatian military to respond to such. On the fifth day the conference began with dr. Gulshan Pashayeva, Deputy Director, Center for Strategic Studies, Azerbaijan, who discussed about relations between NATO and Azerbaijan, following dr. Arnold H. Kammel, Secretary General of the Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy (AIES), Austria, with focus on the security and defense policy of the European union. The last lecture was held by Mr. Jason Wiseman, Assistant Secretary General ad interim, Atlantic Treaty Association, Belgium, regarding the counterterrorism, Balkan states and Croatia. The last day of the International Summer School was reserved for the simulation on crisis in Ukraine, for which participants were mentored by prof. dr. Lidija Čehulić Vukadinović.
Participation at the International Conferences and Seminars
Members of the Atlantic Council of Croatia have participated in the work of numerous international conferences, forums and seminars thus contributing to the scientific discussion on the future of NATO and regional integration processes. Our members participated, gave lectures, and published works at conferences in following countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Italy, Montenegro, USA, Slovenia, and Austria.
Public Lectures, Round Tables, Simulations
In order to raise public discussion on the future role of NATO, the Atlantic Council of Croatia organized panel discussions and round tables. Here we eould like to emphasize that prof. Lidija Čehulić Vukadinović participated and gave lecture at the round table ''Membership in the EU and NATO – the new potential for broadening capacity and spectrum of foreign policy'' (October 10, 2014, Zagreb). Also, prof. Čehulić Vukadinović held a presentation within the project ''Euroatlantic integration School – III Generation'' at PR Center (September 19, 2014, Podgorica, Montenegro). Furthermore, prof. dr. Radovan Vukadinović was director of the course ˝Regional Security and Cooperation in the Southeastern Europe˝ that was held from June 2-7 at the Inter University Centre Dubrovnik (IUC). Within this course, prof. Vukdinović also gave the presentation titled ˝SEE between Globalization and Marginalization˝.
The Atlantic Council of Croatia is one of the national partners in the project Aliante 2014. In 2013 Croatian representatives were students attending Velika Gorica Gymnasium and Ban Josip Jelačić High School, Zaprešić.
In 2013 the Atlantic Council of Croatia and Youth Committee of the Atlantic Council of Croatia launched a new website (www.atlantic-council.com.hr) which is open to the wider public in terms of publishing articles, analysis, reports dealing primarily with transatlantic alliance, euro-atlantic integration, and international relations in general, thus providing objective information on the issue. It also announces all important events organized by the Atlantic Council of Croatia and Youth Committee of the Atlantic Council of Croatia as well as our partners. The new website contains a wealth of information about the work of the Atlantic Council of Croatia, YATA Croatia and partners. The main reason for launching this new website is to bring our association and NATO, in general, closer to the wider public.
Projects in 2015:
National and International Activities for 2015
Regional Conference ˝NATO After Wales: Prospects and Challenge˝, Zagreb, December 17, 2014
Publication of Yearbook Šipan 2014
14th International Summer School (several international scientific conferences)
Round tables and workshops for ATA and YATA members
Continuation of broadening and strengthening the YATA network
Educating, informing, publishing, etc. on subjects related to NATO
Creating a web forums and discussions on NATO